Published in Microorganisms | DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms11020417, 7, February 2023
Authors: Christine Podrini, Laetitia Schramm, Giulia Marianantoni, Jagienka Apolinarska, Colin McGuckin, Nico Forraz, Clément Milet, Anne-Laure Desroches, Pauline Payen, Maria D’Aguanno and Manuele Biazzo
The tailoring of the skin microbiome is challenging and is a research hotspot in the pathogenesis of immune-mediated inflammatory skin diseases such as acne. Commonly encountered preservatives used as functional ingredients have an impact on the skin microbiota and are known to inhibit the survival of skin commensal bacteria. The selected species is Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, formulated with natural enhancers for topical use (SkinDuoTM). Ex vivo human skin models were used as a test system to assess the strain viability which was then validated on healthy volunteers. SkinDuoTM showed increased viability over time for in vitro skin models and a stable viability of over 50% on healthy skin. The strain was tested on human primary sebocytes obtained from sebaceous gland-rich areas of facial skin and inoculated with the most abundant bacteria from the skin microbiota. Results on human ex vivo sebaceous gland models with the virulent phylotype of Cutibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis present a significant reduction in viability, lipid production, and anti-inflammatory markers. We have developed an innovative anti-acne serum with L. plantarum that mimics the over-production of lipids, anti-inflammatory properties, and improves acne-disease skin models. Based on these results, we suggest that SkinDuoTM may be introduced as an acne-mitigating agent.